Reforming the Indonesian Penal System for Misdemeanor Cases

Hasyimi Pradana, Adelia Rachmaniar, Aditya Prastian Supriyadi, Aris Mustriadi

Abstract


Recently, many criminal cases experienced by the community have been brought to court and captured the attention of the general public. However, criminal acts such as theft may actually cause minimum harm to the victim when the objects of the crime have a low value. The perpetrators of these crimes did harm their victims, but in reality, the Indonesian criminal law system in its empirical aspect still lacks implementation of legal objectives namely; legal certainty, justice and benefit. Therefore, there is a need for the criminal system in Indonesia to no longer rely on criminal sanctions, but opt to administrative sanctions, civil sanctions, and restorative justice approaches (Restorative Justice) instead. The method used in this study is a qualitative socio-legal approach, based on literature data and cyber media. This paper use two approaches: the social approach and the normative juridical approach. This writing concludes that in current conditions, criminal law no longer reflects ultimum remedium, but rather primum remedium. Therefore, the legislative and executive institutions should consider administrative sanctions, civil sanctions, and restorative justice approaches in misdemeanor cases. This idea should also be incorporated in the Indonesian Criminal Code Bill.


Keywords


criminal law, misdemeanor cases, legal objectives, restorative justice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Regulations

The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.

Republic of Indonesia Law Number 1 of 1946 concerning the Indonesian Criminal Code.

Republic of Indonesia Law Number 2 of 2002 concerning the Indonesian National Police.

Republic of Indonesia Law Number 16 of 2004 concerning the Republic of Indonesia Attorney.

The Indonesian Criminal Code Bill.

Books

Andi Hamzah, Hukum Acara Pidana, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta, 2010.

Faal, M, Penyaringan Perkara Pidana oleh Polisi (Diskresi Kepolisian), Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta, 1991.

J. Remmelink, Pengantar Hukum Pidana Material 1, Maharsa Publishing, Yogyakarta, 2014.

Johanes Andenaes in E. Utrecht, Hukum Pidana I, Universitas Jakarta, Jakarta, 1958.

Muladi and Barda Nawawi, Teori dan Kebijakan Pidana, Alumni, Bandung, 1992.

Plato and Aristoteles on Andi Hamzah, Asas-Asas Hukum Pidana, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 1994.

Surachman and Andi Hamzah, Jaksa Diberbagai Negara Peranan dan Kedudukannya, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta, 1995.

Terance Miethe dan Hong Lu, Punishment: A Comparative Historical Perspective, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005.

Wirjono Prodjodikoro, Asas Asas Hukum Pidana di Indonesia, Refika Aditama, Jakarta, 2003.

Journal Articles

Bagir Manan in Albert Aries, 2006, Penyelesaian Perkara Pencurian Ringan dan Keadilan Restoratif, Majalah Varia Peradilan, Tahun XX. No. 247, (Penerbit Ikatan Hakim Indonesia, Juni 2006).

Bunyana Sholihin, Supremasi Hukum Pidana di Indonesia, UNISIA, Vol. XXXI No. 69. September 2008.

D.A Andrews dan James Bonta, Rehabilitating Criminal Justice Policy and Practice dalam Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, Vol 16 No. 1, 2010.

Diska Kurnianto, Agna Susila, Yulia Kurniawati, Pelaksanaan Deponeering Dalam Perspektif Asas Equality Before The Law, Vol 13 No. 1, Maret 2017.

Giorgia Stefani, et.al., Reducing Prison Population Advanced Tools of Justice in Europe, Comunita Papa Giovani XXIII, Rimini, 2013.

Iqbal Felisiano and Amira Paripurna, Profesionalisme Polri dalam Penerapan Wewenang Diskresi Dalam Kasus Tindak Pidana Pencurian (Studi Kasus Pencurian Kakao, Pencurian Biji Kapuk, dan Pencurian Semangka), Yuridika Vol. 25 No. 3, September–Desember 2010.

Nur Ainiyah Rahmawati, Hukum Pidana Indonesia: Ultimum Remedium Atau Primum Remedium, Recidive Vol. 2, No. 1 Januari – April, Tahun 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Diterbitkan Oleh :

Faculty of Law

UPN Veteran Jakarta

Jl. RS. Fatmawati Raya, Pd. Labu, Kec. Cilandak,

Jakarta Selatan, DKI Jakarta 12450.

Fax : 021-7656971/021-7699431

Telp : 021-7656971 Ext.139/193

Email : fh_conf@upnvj.ac.id

Website : fh@upnvj.ac.id

Prosiding BIEMA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.