Implementation of Indonesia’s Mutual Legal Assistance Policy Regarding Asset Recovery of Corruption Crimes

Gledys Deyana, Matius Evan Anggara, Lulu Yulianti

Abstract


The Classification of Corruption Crime as a Transnational Crime caused by its difficulty to be traced and eradicated. All countries including Indonesia struggles with corruption including its effort to recover and return the proceeds of corruption hidden away in other states. International Community including the United Nations have developed various tools for recovering the proceeds of corruption crime such as the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (“UNTOC”) and United Nation Convention against Corruption (“UNCAC”). This Convention also includes a comprehensive set of the Mutual Legal Assistant Policy. Unfortunately, there have been only a small number of successful prosecutions to recover and return of the proceeds of corruption crime. The research problem raised discusses the implementation of international regulations and mutual legal assistance as a tool to restore and restore the results of criminal acts of corruption and the obstacles that Indonesia experiences in enforcing the provisions of these regulations. To analyze research problems above, this study uses a normative research method, with a prescriptive analysis type of research. The results show that the implementation of Mutual Legal Assistance has not been maximized, because not all provisions in UNCAC and UNTOC have been implemented in regulations, systematically and comprehensively.


Keywords


Asset Recovery, Mutual Legal Assistance, Corruption

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References


Law:

Law Number 6 Year 2001 concerning the Law on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

Law Number 1 Year 2006 Concerning Reciprocal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

The Bilateral Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and Australia regarding Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

The Bilateral Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and Australia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

United Nation Convention against Corruption.

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